By | September 26, 2019
Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

Third and Fourth Generation of a computer with examples.

Content:

Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

Examples of Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

advantages of Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

Disadvantages of Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

 

Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

 

Third Generation of computer: Integrated Circuits (1964-1971)

The third generation introduced the use of IC in computers. IC stands for integrated circuits. IC’s helped in reducing the size of computers. It made them faster.

Almost all the computers since the mid to late 1960s have utilized the functionality of IC’s. IC’s are still used in today’s computers.

 

Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

 

Advantages of third generation computers:

  • These computers were cheaper as compared to second generation computers.
  • They were fast.
  • They were reliable.
  • IC reduced the size of commuters.
  • Improved performance.
  • Big storage capacity.
  • Mouse and keyboards were used for input.
  • For resource management system Operating system was used.
  • They had the concept of time-sharing and multiple programming.
  • Computational time reduced from microseconds to nanoseconds.

 

You can see:

First generation of computer

Click here for: Naukri point

 

Disadvantages of third generation computers:

  • It was difficult to maintain the IC’s chips.
  • Highly sophisticated technology was needed for IC chips manufacturing.
  • Cooling/air conditioning was required.

 

Fourth Generation:  Microprocessors (1971-Present)

Fourth generation took advantage of the invention of the microprocessor, called CPU. CPU stands for the central processing unit. The microprocessor and integrated circuits helped and made possible for computers to fit easily on a desk and for the introduction of the laptop.

Altair 8800, IBM 5100, and Micral are the earliest computers to use a microprocessor. The fourth generation being considered to have ended in 2010.

 

Third and Fourth Generation of a computer

 

Advantages of fourth generation computers:

  • Fastest in computation.
  • Small in size.
  • Negligible heat generation.
  • Less maintenance was required.
  • All high-level languages were used in this generation.

Disadvantages of fourth generation computers:

  • Very complex microprocessor design.
  • Need for air conditioning.
  • Need for advanced technology.

 

As you Third and Fourth Generation of a computer.

You can see more.

Second generations of computer

 

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