What is UTP VS STP vs FTP
UTP vs STP
UTP VS STP & FTP
Basic difference between
UTP and STP mean?
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UTP stands for unshielded twisted pair cable. It has no shielding. It only has insulation around the cables.
STP stands for shielded twisted pair. These are special kinds of copper wiring. These are used in some business installations.
The shield is added to the ordinary twisted-pair telephone wire. The shield functions as a ground.
FTP stands for foiled twisted pair. It is also called foil screened twisted pair. This cable contains multiple pairs of copper wire enclosed in a sheath of aluminum foil.
Detailed definition of Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP):
UTP is a ubiquitous type of copper cable. It is used in telephone wiring and local area networks (LAN). UTP cable has five types. All these types are identified with the prefix CAT. All types support a different amount of bandwidth. Coaxial cable and fiber optic cable are the alternatives of UTP. Each type of UTP cable has different advantages as well as disadvantages. Most of the users use UTP cables due to their low cost and ease of installation.
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Types of UTP cables:
The types of it can support unshielded twisted pair cables are defined by the TIS/EIA 568 standards. The categories are:
CAT3: Category3 is rarely used today. It is deployed in phone lines. It can support 10 Mbps for up to 100 meters.
CAT4: Category4 is used in token ring networks. It can support 16 Mbps for up to 100 meters.
CAT5: Category5 is used in Ethernet-based local area networks. It contains two twisted pairs. It can support 100 Mbps for p to 100 meters.
CAT5e: Category5e is used in Ethernet-based local area networks. It contains four twisted pairs. It can support 1 Gbps for 100 meters.
CAT6: Category6 is used in Ethernet-based local area networks and also in data center networks. It also contains four twisted pairs but they are tightly wound twisted pairs. It can support 1 Gbps for up to 100 meters and 10 Gbps for up to 50 meters.
Advantages of UTP:
It is standard based.
It is inexpensive.
It is flexible.
It has a small diameter.
It is universal.
Disadvantages of UTP:
It has limited performance over distance.
Its performance is affected by installation-related factors.
It has bandwidth limitations.
It is susceptible to noise.
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Detailed definition of FTP:
This twisted pair cable contains many pairs of copper wire. These are enclosed in a sheath of aluminum foil. These are used in the wiring system. These are also used in buildings or other environments where heavy noise adjacent to the wire can cause interference. The foils provide insulation. FTP has multiple advantages as well as disadvantages. One of the main disadvantages of FTP is that it requires somewhat more care in grounding.FTP is used in factories setting and UTP is used in an office setting.
Detailed definition of shielded twisted pair cable (STP):
These are the ordinary copper wires. They connect home and many business computers to the telephone company. Two insulated copper wires are twisted around to reduce the electromagnetic induction between pairs of wires. The signals on twisted pair require both wires. Some telephone sets or desktop locations may also require more than one connection. The twisted pair’s cables are sometimes installed in two or more pairs, all within a single cable. These cables are often used in business installations. The most common type of wire that is installed to your home or office is UTP.
Advantages of STP:
These are shielded.
These are faster as compare to UTP.
These cables are faster than coaxial cable.
Disadvantages of STP:
These are very expensive.
These are even expensive from coaxial cables.
Their installation is very difficult.
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